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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 239-243

Utilization and Factors Affecting Utilization of Contraception among HIV-Positive Male Patients in Saye, Zaria

1 Research & Public Health Studies, Salama Infirmary (Hospital and Maternity); Department of Community Medicine, College of Health Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
2 Department of Community Medicine, College of Health Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ayandunmola F Oyegoke
Salama Infirmary (Hospital and Maternity), Zaria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/NJM.NJM_49_20

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Introduction: Sub-Saharan Africa continues to carry the full consequences of health and socioeconomic impact of HIV, with about 25.8 million and 66% of people with HIV infection living in the region. The overall prevalence of contraceptive use in Nigeria is low, especially among men; the uptake of contraception and the type of contraceptive use are heavily influenced by the male/husband dominance in the society/family. Methodology: The study was carried out among HIV-positive male patients in Saye, Zaria, using a descriptive cross-sectional study among 265 respondents. Chi-square and multivariate logistic regression were used to determine factors influencing contraceptive usage. Results: The mean age of respondents was 45.6 ± 11.7 years. Only 61.9% of the respondents have ever used contraception, out of which 56.7% are currently using contraception. The identified reason for not using contraception was because they both were HIV positive (29%). There was a significant association between age, marital status, and level of education of respondents and current use of contraception with a P value of 0.001, <0.001, and 0.004, respectively. Conclusion: There were low usage of contraception and poor acceptance of vasectomy. There should be adequate policies in place by the government to encourage male involvement in the utilization of contraception.

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