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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 548-555

Knowledge, attitude, and practice of preventive measures against COVID-19 among pregnant women receiving antenatal care in Calabar, Nigeria


1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
2 Department of Community Medicine, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
3 Research Operations, Bruyere Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ezukwa Ezukwa Omoronyia
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Calabar, Calabar
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/NJM.NJM_16_21

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Background: Implementation of preventive precautions remains the most important measure in the control of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) infection. This study was aimed at evaluating the extent of knowledge, attitude, and practice of COVID-19 prevention among pregnant women in Calabar, Nigeria. Methodology: Cross-sectional descriptive design and systematic random sampling method were utilized to recruit antenatal care clinic attendees, in the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Nigeria. Study variables were assessed using structured questionnaires. Information was entered and analyzed with SPSS version 21.0. A percentage knowledge score of at least 75% was considered satisfactory. P-value was set at 0.05. Result: Two hundred and eighty-four women were studied and the mean age was 30.6 ± 5.0 years. Approximately half of the women (51.4%) were within the third trimester of pregnancy. The mean percentage knowledge score was 71.7% ±17.2%, and the overall level of knowledge was unsatisfactory in 43.3% of respondents. Most women agreed with the reality of existence of COVID-19 infection (90.1%), and 30.6% were of the opinion that the pandemic could be eradicated by prayers alone. Most women practised preventive measures including the use of face mask (89.1%), social distancing (84.2%), and regular handwashing (94.4%). There was a significantly higher mean total knowledge score as well as knowledge of preventive measures among users compared with non-users of face mask, and regular subjects were compared with non-regular subjects with regards to their handwashing practice (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Familiarity with COVID-19 prevention among pregnant women in the study context is suboptimal. There is a need to improve maternal health education provided during antenatal care visits, toward addressing misconceptions related to the pandemic.


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