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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 561-566

Postgraduate career and emigration intentions: A cross-sectional study of house officers in a North Central, Nigerian Tertiary Hospital

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, National Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Azuka Chinweokwu Ezeike
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, National Hospital, Abuja
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/NJM.NJM_95_21

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Background: Postgraduate career decisions and emigration intentions of medical graduates determine the quality of a nation's health system. Evaluating these choices help in developing evidence-based health plans and reforms. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the postgraduate career and emigration intentions of House Officers in National Hospital Abuja. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional study of postgraduate career and emigration intentions of medical interns done in National Hospital Abuja from June to July 2020. Using a structured questionnaire, information was obtained on the sociodemographic data, undergraduate and internship experience, postgraduate career intention, specialty preference, and emigration intentions of the interns. Data were analyzed with SPSS version 23. Results: A total of 90 questionnaires were distributed with a 76% response rate. The mean age of the respondents was 26.23 ± 1.77 years with mean internship duration of 10.51 ± 1.58 months. Most were single 63 (91.3%) and 44 (63.8%) were females. While 52 (75.4%) opted to specialize, 50 (78.1%) had intention to emigrate. Surgery (32.7%) and obstetrics and gynecology (28.9%) were the most commonly desired specialties. Personal interest was the greatest determining factor for specialty choice (90.4%), while better working conditions were the most commonly reported driving force for emigration (51.6%), and the United Kingdom (52%) was the most commonly desired emigration destination. Conclusion: A high number of respondents had interest in specialization with a greater interest in the surgical specialties. Most also had the intention to immigrate to Western countries with the United Kingdom as the most preferred destination.

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