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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 333-338

Ultrasonographic Evaluation of Ophthalmic Diseases at Delta State University Teaching Hospital, Oghara, Delta State, Nigeria

1 Department of Radiology, Delta State University Teaching Hospital, Oghara; Department of Radiology, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Delta State University Teaching Hospital, Oghara; Department of Surgery, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Joyce Ekeme Ikubor
Department of Radiology, Delta State University Teaching Hospital, Oghara
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/NJM.NJM_14_22

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Background: Ultrasonography (US) is one of the first-line imaging modalities of choice for evaluating ocular pathologies after clinical examination. The human lens being radiosensitive requires imaging modalities that do not utilize ionizing radiation. Aim: This study determined the indications for ocular ultrasound and the pattern of ocular pathologies in patients imaged with B-mode ocular US at the radiology department of a teaching hospital over a seven-year period. This study also determined the correlation between the provisional diagnosis of the referring ophthalmologist and the sonographic diagnosis. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective descriptive study of the patients referred for ocular ultrasound scans from January 2012 to December 2018. Results: The records of 125 patients comprising 72 males (57.6%) and 53 females (42.4%) with a mean age of 32.9 (±23.12) years that fulfilled the inclusion criteria were reviewed. The most common indication was loss of vision/deterioration in vision. The most common provisional diagnosis was cataract seen in 20 (16%) patients, while the most common sonographic finding was retinal detachment seen in 44 (35.2%) patients. For the trauma cases, cataract, lens dislocation, retinal detachment, vitreous haemorrhage, and intraocular foreign body were diagnosed by US. Conclusion: Cataract was the most common clinical diagnosis, but retinal detachment was the most common sonographic diagnosis. This study highlights the use of US as a valuable tool in diagnosing and confirming clinical diagnosis, particularly valuable when the posterior segment cannot be adequately visualized as a result of opacities in the visual axis.

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