Nigerian Journal of Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 693--700

Assessment of knowledge and practice of disease surveillance and notification among health workers in private hospitals in Enugu State, Nigeria


Onyinye Hope Chime1, Ifeoma Juliet Ogugua2, Ifeoma Maureen Obionu2, Ifeyinwa Lilian Ezenwosu2, Charles Ntat Ibiok3, Casmir Ndubuisi Ochie2, Wilson Chukwukasi Kassy2, Anne Chigedu Ndu3, Sussan Uzoamaka Arinze-Onyia1, Olanike Agwu-Umahi3, Emmanuel Nwabueze Aguwa3, Adaeze Theodore Okeke3 
1 Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, Enugu State University; Department of Community Medicine, Enugu State University Teaching Hospital, Ituku/Ozalla, Nigeria
2 Department of Community Medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku/Ozalla, Nigeria
3 Department of Community Medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku/Ozalla; Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Ifeoma Juliet Ogugua
Department of Community Medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku/Ozalla, Enugu
Nigeria

Background: Disease surveillance and notification (DSN) has been recognized as an effective strategy for prevention and control of diseases, particularly epidemic-prone diseases. Aim: This study assessed the knowledge and practice of DSN activities in private health facilities (PHFs) in Enugu metropolis. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study, utilizing mixed methods. Multistage sampling method was used to select the PHFs and the respondents. Respondents were health-care workers (HCWs) in charge of DSN in PHFs within Enugu metropolis and the state epidemiologist. Chi-square test and multivariate analysis using binary logistic regression were used for analysis. Results: Being a medical doctor (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]: 6.567; confidence interval [CI]: 1.250–34.502) was found to be a predictor of good knowledge. Facilities having more than ten patients daily (AOR: 0.012; CI: 0.085–0.739) and poor knowledge of Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) system (AOR: 0.135; CI: 0.028–0.660) were predictors of poor IDSR practice. Four major themes emerged from the key informant interview: the level of involvement of state with DSN in PHFs, support available to PHFs, challenges in assessing DSN data in PHFs, and measures to improve DSN activities in PHFs. Conclusion: The HCWs in charge of DSN had good knowledge of IDSR system, but the practice was poor. There is a need for regular training with supportive supervision of the HCWs to ensure they translate knowledge into practice.


How to cite this article:
Chime OH, Ogugua IJ, Obionu IM, Ezenwosu IL, Ibiok CN, Ochie CN, Kassy WC, Ndu AC, Arinze-Onyia SU, Agwu-Umahi O, Aguwa EN, Okeke AT. Assessment of knowledge and practice of disease surveillance and notification among health workers in private hospitals in Enugu State, Nigeria.Niger J Med 2021;30:693-700


How to cite this URL:
Chime OH, Ogugua IJ, Obionu IM, Ezenwosu IL, Ibiok CN, Ochie CN, Kassy WC, Ndu AC, Arinze-Onyia SU, Agwu-Umahi O, Aguwa EN, Okeke AT. Assessment of knowledge and practice of disease surveillance and notification among health workers in private hospitals in Enugu State, Nigeria. Niger J Med [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 Dec 2 ];30:693-700
Available from: http://www.njmonline.org/article.asp?issn=1115-2613;year=2021;volume=30;issue=6;spage=693;epage=700;aulast=Chime;type=0